Tolkien and Lewis Warned Us: Technocratic Nihilism Threatens Humanity’s Future

 Have you ever wondered if our obsession with technology could lead to a dystopian future? Tolkien and Lewis did, and their writings carry a prophetic warning we can't afford to ignore. Dive into their visionary critiques of technocratic nihilism and discover why their insights are more relevant than ever. Read on to uncover the lessons these literary giants have left us and learn how to safeguard our humanity in an increasingly digital world. Don't miss out—your future self will thank you!

A Prophecy of Evil: Tolkien, Lewis, and Technocratic Nihilism


J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis, two of the most influential writers of the 20th century, are celebrated for their profound storytelling and imaginative worlds. However, beyond their literary achievements, both authors offered a stark warning against a creeping threat in modern society: technocratic nihilism. This concept, characterized by an overreliance on technology and a loss of moral and existential meaning, is a recurring theme in their works. By exploring the nature of evil in their stories and their critiques of modernity, we uncover a prophetic vision that remains strikingly relevant today.

Tolkien and Lewis Warned Us: Technocratic Nihilism Threatens Humanity’s Future

Understanding the Worldviews of Tolkien and Lewis

The Christian Foundations

Both Tolkien and Lewis were deeply rooted in Christian theology, which heavily influenced their worldviews and writings. Their works are imbued with themes of good versus evil, redemption, and the eternal struggle of the human soul. For Tolkien, this was most evident in his mythopoeic creation, Middle-earth, while for Lewis, it was in the allegorical settings of Narnia and the philosophical explorations of his other writings.

The Importance of Myth and Story

Tolkien and Lewis believed in the profound power of myths and stories to convey truths that transcend ordinary experience. They argued that through myth, one could glimpse deeper spiritual realities and moral lessons. This belief is foundational to understanding their approach to storytelling and their critique of contemporary society.

The Nature of Evil in Tolkien's Works

The Corruption of Power in "The Lord of the Rings"

In "The Lord of the Rings," Tolkien explores the corrupting influence of power through the One Ring, a symbol of ultimate control and domination. The Ring's ability to corrupt even the most virtuous individuals reflects Tolkien's view that power, when unchecked, leads to moral decay and dehumanization.

The Dehumanization of Industrialization

Tolkien was also critical of the industrial revolution and its impact on society. He lamented the destruction of nature and the mechanization of human life, themes vividly portrayed in the devastation of the Shire and the industrial horrors of Isengard. For Tolkien, this dehumanization was a manifestation of a deeper spiritual malaise.

The Nature of Evil in Lewis's Works

The Subtlety of Evil in "The Screwtape Letters"

C.S. Lewis's "The Screwtape Letters" provides a unique perspective on the nature of evil, depicting it as subtle and insidious. Through the correspondence between a senior demon and his apprentice, Lewis illustrates how ordinary temptations and societal norms can lead individuals away from moral and spiritual truths.

The Critique of Modernity in "That Hideous Strength"

In "That Hideous Strength," the third book of Lewis's Space Trilogy, he critiques the dangers of a technocratic society that seeks to control and manipulate humanity. The novel portrays a dystopian future where scientific elitism and bureaucratic despotism threaten human freedom and dignity.

Technocratic Nihilism: Definition and Origins

The Rise of Technocracy

Technocracy refers to a system of governance where decision-makers are selected based on their expertise in a specific area, particularly scientific or technical knowledge. While this might seem beneficial, it often leads to an overemphasis on efficiency and control at the expense of human values and ethical considerations.

Nihilism in the Modern World

Nihilism, the belief that life is meaningless, has been exacerbated by the rapid advancements in technology and the erosion of traditional moral frameworks. This combination creates a worldview where technological progress is pursued for its own sake, devoid of any higher purpose or ethical grounding.

Tolkien and Lewis on Technocratic Nihilism

Tolkien's Vision of a Mechanized Hell

Tolkien's writings, especially his depiction of Mordor, serve as a grim warning against the unchecked rise of technocratic power. Mordor represents a world stripped of its natural beauty and enslaved by industrial might, reflecting Tolkien's fears of a future dominated by soulless machinery and relentless exploitation.

Lewis's Warnings Against Scientific Tyranny

Lewis, in works like "That Hideous Strength," cautions against the dangers of a society ruled by scientific elites. He portrays a world where human beings are reduced to mere subjects of experimentation, losing their individuality and moral agency in the process. Lewis warns that such a future, while masked in the guise of progress, ultimately leads to dehumanization and tyranny.

The Prophetic Nature of Their Writings

Predicting the Loss of Human Dignity

Both authors foresaw a future where technological advancements could lead to a profound loss of human dignity. They predicted that an overreliance on technology and the abandonment of spiritual and moral values would result in a society where individuals are treated as cogs in a machine rather than as unique and valuable beings.

Foreseeing the Rise of Totalitarian Regimes

Tolkien and Lewis also anticipated the rise of totalitarian regimes that use technology to control and manipulate populations. Their works reflect a deep mistrust of centralized power and a belief in the importance of individual freedom and moral responsibility.

The Impact of Their Prophecies Today

Relevance in the Digital Age

In today's digital age, the warnings of Tolkien and Lewis are more pertinent than ever. The rise of big data, surveillance technologies, and artificial intelligence raises critical questions about privacy, autonomy, and the ethical use of technology. Their insights encourage us to remain vigilant against the dehumanizing potential of these advancements.

Lessons for Modern Society

From their works, we learn the importance of balancing technological progress with ethical considerations and the need to preserve human dignity and freedom. Tolkien and Lewis remind us that true progress is not measured by technological prowess but by our ability to uphold moral and spiritual values in an increasingly complex world.

The Battle Between Good and Evil

The Role of Free Will

A central theme in the works of both Tolkien and Lewis is the role of free will in the battle between good and evil. They emphasize that individuals have the power to choose their path, and it is through these choices that they can resist the corrupting influence of power and technology.

The Power of Hope and Redemption

Despite the bleakness of their warnings, both authors also offer a message of hope and redemption. They believe in the resilience of the human spirit and the possibility of renewal through faith, courage, and perseverance. This hopeful vision serves as a counterbalance to their critiques of modernity.


Tolkien and Lewis, through their profound storytelling and prophetic insights, provide a powerful critique of technocratic nihilism. They warn against the dangers of a society that prioritizes technological advancement over moral and spiritual values, and they call for a renewed emphasis on human dignity and ethical responsibility. As we navigate the complexities of the modern world, their wisdom remains a vital guide, urging us to seek a balance between progress and the preservation of our humanity.


What is technocratic nihilism?

Technocratic nihilism is the combination of an overreliance on technology and a belief in the meaninglessness of life, leading to a society where technological progress is pursued without ethical considerations or higher purpose.

How did Tolkien and Lewis view modern technology?

Tolkien and Lewis were critical of modern technology when it led to dehumanization, loss of individuality, and the erosion of moral and spiritual values. They saw unchecked technological advancement as a potential threat to human dignity and freedom.

What lessons can we learn from their works?

From Tolkien and Lewis, we learn the importance of balancing technological progress with ethical considerations, preserving human dignity, and maintaining moral and spiritual values in an increasingly technological world.

Are Tolkien and Lewis still relevant today?

Absolutely. Their critiques of modernity and warnings against technocratic nihilism are highly relevant in today's digital age, where technology continues to shape society in profound ways.

How can we combat technocratic nihilism?

Combating technocratic nihilism involves prioritizing ethical considerations in technological development, preserving human dignity, promoting individual freedom, and fostering a renewed emphasis on moral and spiritual values.

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